by Stephen Mifsud
   25 Jul 2024      ()
External Links:

Asplenium marinum   (Sea Spleenwort Fern)

Asplenium marinum  (ASPLENIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

General Information Species Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Facebook community
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Aspleniaceae Index Plant Family Index
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Oct-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Asplenium marinum - datasheet created on Oct-2007. Retrieved from on 25-Jul-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Asplenium marinumL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 1081 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Trichomanes maritimum Bubani
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Aspleniaceae Newman (The Spleenwort Family)
4 species from the Aspleniaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Sea Spleenwort Fern

Maltese name(s) :

Felċi tal-baħar

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: CHAMEOPHYTE ( dwarf or small woody shrubs )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule VI of [S.L. 549.44] (strictly protected species)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

All year

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Asplenium: An old name given by Dioscorides (40 - 90 AD) to a group of ferns commonly known as Spleenworts which were used to treat diseases of the spleen (=splenium). However, Asplenium literally means without a spleen! (Greek origin )
marinum: Related to the sea with reference to its preferred habitat. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Rocks and walls exposed to sea-spray
Preferred habitat in Malta: In moist, shaded rock fissures in valleys of scree close to the coast.
Botanical Description: Plant robust. Rhizome with filiform scales at the apex. Leaves 10-30(-40) cm; petiole about 1/2 as long as the lamina, reddish-brown; lamina linear-lanceolate, pinnate, coriaceous, glabrous; rhachis with green wings; pinnae 1-4 cm, oblong, more developed on the upper side, crenate-serrate, the base truncate or broadly cuneate, the apex rounded.
Chromosome number: 2n=72
Distributional range: W. Europe, extending eastwards very locally to S. Italy

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Corse, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Ireland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Norway, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
? Ag Az(C F G J L M P S T) Bl(M N) Br Ca(C F G H L P T) Co Ga(C F) Hb(E N) Hs(S) It Lu Ma Md(D M P) No Sa ?Sg Si(M S) Tn

Links & Further literature (4 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Update on Maltese Flora (Central Mediterranean) including very rare species or species thought to be extinct from the Maltese islands Stephen Mifsud  (2010)
Current status of Asplenium sagittatum (Aspleniaceae) in the Maltese Islands Stephen Mifsud, Mark Napier, S. Fenech & Louis F. Cassar  (2016)
Rediscovery of Asplenium sagittatum and A. marinum (Pteridophyta: Aspleniaceae) in the Maltese Islands (Central Mediterranean Sdravko Vesselinov Lalov, Alena Seginkova & Joe Sultana  (2008)
Rediscovery of Asplenium sagittatum and A. marinum (Pteridophyta: Aspleniaceae) in the Maltese Islands (Central Mediterranean Sdravko Vesselinov Lalov, Alena Seginkova & Joe Sultana  (2008)
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (4 images)
   Asplenium marinum   -   Image Code: ASLMR-0.
   Asplenium marinum   -   Image Code: ASLMR-1.
   Asplenium marinum   -   Image Code: ASLMR-2.
   Asplenium marinum   -   Image Code: ASLMR-3.

Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without any adverts. Please login into your PayPal account and use the email: as email address to send your donation   Online Donation

Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the nomenclature section above). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   20 + 7 =     This website is about
      is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / - (2002-2022)