MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   31 Jan 2023      ()
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Chamaerops humilis   (Dwarf Fan Palm)


Chamaerops humilis  (ARECACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Dec-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Chamaerops humilis - datasheet created on Dec-2007. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 31-Jan-2023

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Chamaerops humilisL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 1187 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Phoenix humilis Cav.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Arecaceae Schultz Sch. (=Palmae) (The Palm Family)
5 species from the Arecaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Dwarf Fan Palm, European Dwarf Palm

Maltese name(s) :

Ġummara, Ġummar safrani

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Nano-Phanerophyte ( small trees to large shrubs, usually <5 m )
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule II of [S.L. 549.123] (Trees protected in selected areas)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

April – June

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow or Green

Toxicity:

Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Chamaerops:
humilis: literally meaning humble, but in botany it is referred to mean shorter, or reduced, and hence growing closer to the ground for its small stature. (Greek origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Encouraged to be planted in the wild that is in rural areas including ODZ.


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Sandy or rocky ground, mainly near the coast.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Its natural habitat is scrub and high garigue close to the coast, but it is also found cultivated in parks, public gardens and rarely in fields.
Botanical Description: Acaulescent or with a short, obconical stem not more than 1.5-2 m in the wild, covered with grey or whitish fibres. Leaves with a green to glaucous, flat lamina up to 80 cm. Spadices up to 35 cm; spathe more or less lanate at margin. Fruits (8-)12-30(-45) mm, globose, ovoid or oblong, yellow or brown.
Distributional range: W. Mediterranean region, eastwards to Malta

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
the Balaeric Islands, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ag Bl Ga Hs It Li Lu Ma Sa Si Tn

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (9 images)
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-0.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-1.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-2.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-3.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-4.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-5.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-6.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-7.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-8.

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