by Stephen Mifsud
   24 Jun 2024      ()
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Amaranthus hybridus   (Prince's Feather Amaranth)

Amaranthus hybridus  (AMARANTHACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Nov-2007 (taxon update: none)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2022). Amaranthus hybridus - datasheet created on Nov-2007. Retrieved from on 24-Jun-2024

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Amaranthus hybridusL.
Published in Sp. Pl. : 990 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Amaranthus chlorostachys Willd.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] []

Plant Family :

Amaranthaceae Juss. (The Amaranth Family)
42 species from the Amaranthaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Prince's Feather Amaranth, Prince's of Wales Feather Amaranth, Hybrid Amaranth

Maltese name(s) :

Denb id-dib bagħal

Status for Malta :

Naturalised Alien. Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 (Columbus' discovery of the New World) and spreads and integrates to form established, non-invasive populations. Species may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare    Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE ( annual plants, herbaceous )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (2/Mar/2022)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

May – November

Colour of Flowers:



Not particularly toxic

Name Derivation :

Amaranthus: From the Greek 'amarantos' meaning unfading. The flowers of several species have a deep purple-red colour (from which the colour amaranth is derived) which retain the colour for a very long time. (Greek origin )
hybridus: related or originating from a hybrid, hence a species from two genetically-mixed parents. (Latin origin )

Planting in rural areas :

Can be planted in rural areas according to ERA Guidelines

Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Several anthropogenic habitats, esp. close to agricultural areas and abandoned fields
Preferred habitat in Malta: Fields and valleys close to agricultural areas, usually in disturbed places
Botanical Description: Stems 20-100 cm, erect, sparsely to densely pubescent above. Leaves 3-8 cm, rhombic-ovate. Inflorescence elongate-spicate, often compound, with long branches. Bracteoles (2-)3-4 mm, ovate, with a very long mucro, about twice as long as the perianth. Perianth-segments 5, 1.5-2(-2.4) mm, narrowly ovate, usually acute, about as long as the fruit. Stamens 5. Fruit dehiscing transversely.
Chromosome number: 2n=32
Distributional range: Naturalized in C. & S. Europe casual throughout most of Europe.
Native region outside Europe: (C. & W. North America.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Introduced in Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Poland, Romania, Russia and former USSR
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
[Ab(A) nAE(G) nAg nAl Au aAu(A) Az nAz(C F G J L M P S T) nBe(B) nBH Bl(M N) nBr Bu nBy nCa Ca(C G L P T) Cg nCo nCr aCs Ct nCy aDa nEg aEs aFe aGa(C) nGa(F) nGe Gg nGr aHb nHe nHo nHs Hs(A S) nHu Ir nIt nJu aLe nLi aLS aLt nLu nMa nMd Md(M P) Mk Mo No nPo

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

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Research Gate




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium




Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (5 images)
   Amaranthus hybridus   -   Image Code: AMRHY-0.
   Amaranthus hybridus   -   Image Code: AMRHY-1.
   Amaranthus hybridus   -   Image Code: AMRHY-2.
   Amaranthus hybridus   -   Image Code: AMRHY-3.
   Amaranthus hybridus   -   Image Code: AMRHY-4.

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