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   22 Oct 2019      ()
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Index of Plant Families (1 families in this page)

ORCHIDACEAE
Orchid
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ORCHIDACEAE
Juss.
( Orchid Family )
Subfamalies: Apostasioideae; Cypripedioideae; Epidendroideae; Orchidoideae; Vanilloideae

Family Description: Perennial herbs with rhizomes, vertical stock or tuberous roots, terrestrial, sometimes saprophytic, usually with mycorrhiza. Stems sometimes swollen at base to form pseudobulbs. Leaves entire, spirally arranged or distichous, rarely subopposite, reduced to scales or sheaths in saprophytes. Inflorescence a spike or raceme. Flowers zygomorphic, epigynous, usually hermaphrodite. Perianth-segments 6, in 2 whorls; median inner segment (labellum) usually larger and of different shape from the others, usually directed downwards owing to the ovary or the pedicel twisting through 180░, often with basal spur. Anthers and stigma borne on a column formed from fused filaments and style; stamens 1, rarely 2, with sessile or subsessile, 2-locular anthers behind or at the summit of the column; pollen-grains single or in tetrads, bound by elastic threads in packets (pollinia) which may be narrowed into a sterile, stalk-like caudicle. Ovary inferior, 1-locular, with parietal placentation, rarely 3-locular; stigmas 3, all fertile, or with the median sterile and often consisting of a beak-like process (rostellum) between the anthers and fertile stigmas; rostellum often forming 1 or 2 viscid bodies (viscidia) to which the pollinia are attached; viscidia sometimes enclosed in 1(2), simple or 2-lobed, membranous, pocket-like outgrowths (bursicles) of the rostellum. Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by 3 or 6 longitudinal slits; seeds numerous, minute, with undifferentiated embryo and no endosperm.
Botanical Name Common Name Maltese Name Flowering Period Thumbnail Picture Profile Type
(Banks & Sol.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis collina Banks & Solander ex Russel
Fan-Lipped Orchid,
Red Orchid
Orkida Ħamra Feb-Mar Detailed Profile
with
53
images.
(Pollini) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis fragrans Pollini
Scented Bug Orchid,
Fragrant Orchid
Orkida Tfuħ Apr-May Normal Profile
with
14
images.
(Poir.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.

Main Synonym :
Orchis longicornu Poir.
Horned Orchid,
Long-spurred Orchid
Orkida Tal-Qrun Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
(L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis morio L.
Green-winged Orchid Orkida Tal-Elmu Feb-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
(L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis papilionacea L.
Pink Butterfly Orchid Farfett ? Normal Profile
with
3
images.
(L.) Rich

Main Synonym :
Orchis pyramidalis L.
Pyramidal Orchid Orkida Piramidali May-Jun Detailed Profile
with
31
images.
(Sommier & Caruana Gatto) Landwehr

Main Synonym :
Anacamptis urvilleana Sommier & Caruana Gatto
Maltese Pyramidal Orchid Orkida Piramidali Ta' Malta Feb-Mar Normal Profile
with
18
images.
(Loisel.) P.Delforge

Main Synonym :
Barlia robertiana (Loiseleur) Greuter
Giant Orchid Orkida Kbira Jan-Feb Normal Profile
with
37
images.
(Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Main Synonym :
Orchis lactea Poir.
Milky Orchid Orkida Bajda Tat-Tikek Feb-Mar Normal Profile
with
5
images.
(Desfontaines) Stearn

Main Synonym :
Orchis intacta Link.
Dense-flowered Orchid Orkida Rqiqa Mar Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Hudson

Main Synonym :
Ophrys arachnites Miller
Bee Orchid Naħla,
Naħla Griża
Apr Normal Profile
with
4
images.
Moretti

Main Synonym :
Ophrys romolini R.Soca
Bertoloni's Bee Orchid,
Bertoloni's Orchid
Dubbiena Ta' Bertoloni,
Orkida Ta' Bertoloni
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
6
images.
Link

Main Synonym :
Ophrys tabanifera Willd.
Bumble-Bee Orchid Brimba Griża Mar Detailed Profile
with
38
images.
Mifsud

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Small-flowered Bumble-Bee Orchid Brimba Griża żgħira Mar Normal Profile
with
9
images.
P.Delforge

Main Synonym :
Ophrys gazella G.Foelsche & W.Foelsche
Maltese Brown Orchid Dubbiena Bikrija Ta' Malta Feb-Mar Detailed Profile
with
60
images.
Bianca

Main Synonym :
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. atrata (Rchb.f.) A.Bol├▓s
Spider Orchid Brimba Tal-Ġwienaħ Mar-Apr Detailed Profile
with
4
images.
(P.Delforge) Kreutz

Main Synonym :
Ophrys lojaconoi P.Delforge
Lojaconoi's Rainbow Bee Orchid Dubbiena Ta' Lojakonoj,
Orkida Ta' Lojakonoj
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
3
images.
(Paulus, C.Alibertis & A.Alibertis) Kreutz

Main Synonym :
Ophrys iricolor subsp. hospitalis (P.Delforge) Mifsud & L.Lewis
Cretan Rainbow Bee Orchid Dubbiena Ta' Kreta Dec-Feb Detailed Profile
with
63
images.
(Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Paulus & Gack

Main Synonym :
Ophrys vallesiana Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers
Valles' Rainbow Bee Orchid Dubbiena Ta' Tuneż,
Dubbiena Tar-Rebbiegha
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
5
images.
Lojacono

Main Synonym :
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. lacaitae (Lojac.) So├│
Yellow Spider Orchid,
Lacaita's Spider Orchid
Brimba SSafra Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
Parlatore

Main Synonym :
Ophrys aranifera subsp. lunulata (Parl.) E.G.Camus
Moon Spider Orchid,
Crescent Spider Orchid
Brimba Tal-Qamar,
Orkida Tal-qamar
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers

Main Synonym :
Ophrys fusca subsp. luperclaes (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz
Lupercales Bee Orchid,
Early Bee Orchid
Dubbiena Tax-Xitwa,
Dubbiena Bikrija
Jan-Feb Normal Profile
with
5
images.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Yellow Bee Orchid Maltese Name Not Known Normal Profile
with
6
images.
(Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Melki

Main Synonym :
Ophrys phyrganae Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers
Phyrgana Yellow Bee Orchid Żunżana Tal-Frigana Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
8
images.
(Tineo) Soldano

Main Synonym :
Ophrys lutea subsp. galilaea (H.Fleischm. & Bornm.) So├│
Sicilian Yellow Bee Orchid,
Lesser Yellow Bee Orchid
Żunżana ż-Żgħira Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
(Salkowski) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers

Main Synonym :
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. melitensis Salkowski
Maltese Spider Orchid Brimba Sewda,
Brimba Ta' Malta
Mar-May Detailed Profile
with
48
images.
(Bartolo & Pulv.) Galesi, Cristaudo & Maugeri

Main Synonym :
Ophrys calliantha Bartolo & Pulvirenti
Elegant Spider Orchid Brimba Tal-fjuri Sbieħ Apr Normal Profile
with
3
images.
Todaro

Main Synonym :
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. oxyrrhynchos (Tod.) So├│
Beaked Spider Orchid,
Sicilian Spider Orchid
Brimba Ta' Sqallija Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Sennen

Main Synonym :
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. passionis  (Sennen) Sanz & Nuet
Passion-of-Christ Spider Orchid,
Southern Spider Orchid
Brimba Tal-Passjoni Ta' Kristu Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
Link

Main Synonym :
Ophrys ciliata Bivona-Bernardi
Mirror Orchid,
Mirror Of Venus
Dubbiena Kaħla,
Orkida Tal-mera
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
10
images.
(Ten.) Kreutz

Main Synonym :
Ophrys grandiflora Ten.
Large-flowered Sawfly Orchid,
Sicilian Sawfly Orchid
Naħla Kbira Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
5
images.

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Sawfly Bee Orchid,
Sawfly Orchid
Maltese Name Not Known Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Mifsud

Main Synonym :
No synonyms for this species
Gozitan Bee Orchid,
Gozo Bee Orchid
Maltese Name Not Known Normal Profile
with
0
images.
Mifsud

Main Synonym :
Ophrys pectus Raf.
Large-breasted Bee Orchid Dubbiena Ta' Sidirha Kbir Jan-Mar Detailed Profile
with
8
images.
Poiret

Main Synonym :
Orchis undulatifolia Bivona
Naked Man Orchid,
Italian Orchid
Ħajja U Mejta Tal-Werqa Fdewxa,
Orkida Tal-Italja
Mar-May Normal Profile
with
7
images.
E.G. Camus

Main Synonym :
Serapias vomeracea subsp. laxiflora (So├│) G├Âlz & H.R.Reinhard
Eastern Ploughshare,
Eastern Tongue Orchid,
Eastern Tongue Serapias
Orkida Tal-Ilsien Tal-Lvant Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
4
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Serapias ovalis Rich.
Heart-flowered Tongue Orchid,
Heart-flowered Serapias
Orkida Tal-Qalb Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
L.

Main Synonym :
Serapias columnae (Rchb.f.) H.Fleischm.
Tongue Orchid,
Tongue Serapias
Orkida Tal-ilsien Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
Parlatore

Main Synonym :
Serapias lingua subsp. parviflora (Parl.) Kraenzl.
Small-flowered Tongue Orchid,
Small-flowered Serapias
Orkida Tal-Ilsien Iż-Żgħira,
Orkida Tal-Ilsien Komuni
Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
6
images.
(Burmann f.) Briquet

Main Synonym :
Serapias longipetala (Ten.) Pollini
Long-lipped Tongue Orchid,
Ploughshare
Orkida Tal-Ilsien Il-Kbira Mar-Apr Normal Profile
with
2
images.
(L.) Chevallier

Main Synonym :
Spiranthes autumnalis (Balb.) Rich.
Autumn Lady's Tresses Ħajja U Mejta Tal-Ħarifa Oct-Nov Detailed Profile
with
28
images.
´╗┐
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