by Stephen Mifsud
   23 Sep 2019      ()
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Vitis vinifera   (Grape Vine)

Vitis vinifera  (VITACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Vitis vinifera retrieved from on 2019-Sep-23

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Vitis viniferaL.
Published in L. Sp. Pl. 202 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Vitis laciniosa
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Vitaceae Juss. (The Vine Family)
4 species from the Vitaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Grape Vine, European Grape

Maltese name(s) :

Dielja, Siġra tal-Għeneb

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Stems up to 35 m, climbing over trees, but in cultivation usually reduced by annual pruning to 1-3 m. Leaves 5-15 cm, orbicular in outline, cordate, usually palmately 5- to 7 lobed, irregularly toothed, glabrescent above, often with persistent tomentum beneath. Tendrils branched, normally occurring opposite 2 leaves out of every 3. Flowers numerous, in rather dense panicles, which replace the tendrils in the upper part of the stem. Calyx very shortly 5-lobed. Petals c. 5 mm, pale green. Seeds 2-3.

Distributional range:

S. & S.C. Europe, extending northwards in large-scale cultivation to c. 52° N in S.W. Poland.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, Bulgaria, Corse, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Switzerland, Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  the Azores, Belgium, the Balaeric Islands, Crete, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Portugal, Poland, Russia and former USSR

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A) BH Bu Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Ga(F) Ge Gg(A D G) Gr He Hs(S) Hu Ir It Li Ma Mk Mo Po Rm Sa Si(S) Sk Sl Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [cAb(A N) nAg cAu(A) Az Be cBe(L) Bl cBl(M) cBu cBy nCa Ca(C F G L T) cCo cCr cCs cCt cGa(F) cGe Gr cHe cHo cHs(S) Hu cIr cIt cJo cLe cLt Lu nMa nMd Md(M) Mk Mo cPo cRf(C K S) Rf(E) cRm cSa Si(M S) Sk cSn cSr cSy nTn nTu(A) cTu(E) cUk(K)]

Images (7 images)
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-0.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-1.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-2.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-3.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-4.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-5.
   Vitis vinifera   -   Image Code: VITVN-6.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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