by Stephen Mifsud
   18 Sep 2019      ()
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Viola odorata   (Sweet Violet)

Viola odorata   (VIOLACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Viola odorata retrieved from on 2019-Sep-18

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Viola odorata L.
Published in L., Sp. Pl. 934 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Viola stolonifera
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Violaceae Batsch. (The Violet Family)
1 species from the Violaceae family is recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Sweet Violet, English Violet, Garden Violet

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Doubtful origin. It is not yet established if this species is native or not)

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very Rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

This species has a threatened status and is listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Violet or Pink

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Perennial 5-15 cm, with leaf-rosette and long, procumbent, rooting stolons. Leaves orbicular-reniform, deeply cordate, widest at about the middle; petiole long. Stipules ovate, glabrous or sparsely ciliate, shortly glandular-fimbriate. Bracts at or above middle of peduncle. Flowers c. 1.5 cm, dark violet or white, fragrant. Sepals ovate, obtuse. Spur c. 6 mm, exceeding calycine appendages. Stigmatic beak vertical, its length equalling diameter of style. Capsule pubescent.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

Europe, except the extreme north and parts of the Mediterranean region.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

All except the Balaeric Islands, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Russia and former USSR, Svalbard archipelago, Doubtful in Turkey (European part)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

? Ab(A N) AE(G) Ag Al Ar Au dAu(A L) Be(B L) BH ?Bl(N) Br Bu By Ca(C G P T) Cg Co Cr Ct Cy Ga(F) Ge Gg(A D G) Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs Hu Ir It Jo Le Lu Ma Md(M) Mk Mo Po Rf(C CS E S) Rm Sa Si(M S) ?Sk Sl Sr Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [nAz(F G J L M P S T) Bl(I M) nCs nDa Es nFe Hs(A S) La Lt nNo dPo Rf(K NW) cSi(S) Sk nSu]

Images (13 images)
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-0.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-1.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-2.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-3.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-4.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-5.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-6.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-7.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-8.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-9.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-10.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-11.
   Viola odorata   -   Image Code: VIOOD-12.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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