by Stephen Mifsud
   12 Apr 2021      ()
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Solanum tuberosum   (Potato)

Solanum tuberosum   (SOLANACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Solanum tuberosum retrieved from on 2021-Apr-12

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Solanum tuberosum L.
Published in L., Sp. Pl. 185 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Solanaceae Juss. (The Potato Family)
18 species from the Solanaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :


Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Introduced plants cultivated for agricultural or horticultural purposes but sometimes can be occassionaly found as an escapee close to the site of their original cultivation

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE (bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc.)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Cultivated areas with seldom casual occurrences close to sites of prior cultivation such as in such as field margins or shallow valley beds (from dumped material)

Botanical Description:

Sparsely pubescent annual with simple, appressed hairs, with underground stolons bearing terminal tubers; stems 30-80(-150) cm, erect, branched, succulent, winged. Leaves interruptedly imparipinnate, with 3-5(-7) pairs of ovate, acuminate leaflets between which are smaller, unequal, ovate to orbicular leaflets; petiole with auricular or semi-lunate false stipules at base. Cymes many-flowered, 2-4 on axillary to extra-axillary branched peduncles 50-100 mm; pedicels 20-35 mm, usually articulated in middle 1/3. Calyx 5-10 mm; teeth lanceolate, acuminate. Corolla 25-35(-40) mm in diameter, orbicular to pentagonal, white, purple or blue to violet or pinkish. Anthers 6-7 mm, yellow to orange. Berry 20-40 mm in diameter, more or less globose, succulent, greenish to purplish.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

Cultivated for its edible tubers (potatoes) almost throughout Europe.

Native region outside Europe:

(South America.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[aAl cAu(A) aBe cBl aBl(M) cBu cBy cCa Ca(C F G L T) aCo cCt cDa cEs cFe cGa cGe cHe cHo aHs(S) cHu cIt cLa cLe cLi cLS cLt cLu cMd(D M) cMo cNo cPo cRf(C E K S) cSa cSi(S) Sk Sl cSr cSu cTu(A E) cUk(K)]

Images (4 images)
   Solanum tuberosum   -   Image Code: SLNTU-0.
   Solanum tuberosum   -   Image Code: SLNTU-1.
   Solanum tuberosum   -   Image Code: SLNTU-2.
   Solanum tuberosum   -   Image Code: SLNTU-3.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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