by Stephen Mifsud
   12 Apr 2021      ()
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Lycium intricatum   (Southern Tea Tree)

Lycium intricatum   (SOLANACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Lycium intricatum retrieved from on 2021-Apr-12

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Lycium intricatum Boissier
Published in Boiss., Elenchus 66 (1838)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Lycium europaeum var. intricatum
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Solanaceae Juss. (The Potato Family)
18 species from the Solanaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Southern Tea Tree, Southern Boxthorn

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Nano-Phanerophyte (small trees to large shrubs)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Protected by law: schedule I of LN200/2011 AND schedule III of LN311/2006. (Strictly protected tree species)

Red List (1989) :

This species has a threatened status and is listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Violet or lilac

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Plant 0.3-2 m, much-branched, very spiny; spines stout, rigid. Leaves 3-15 x 1-6 mm, oblanceolate. Flowers solitary or in clusters of 2-3. Calyx 1.5-2 mm, shallowly 5-dentate. Corolla 13-18 mm, narrowly infundibuliform, blue-violet, purple, lilac, pink or white; lobes 2-3 mm. Stamens included; filaments glabrous. Fruit orange-red or black.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

S. Europe, from Kriti to Portugal very local.

Native region outside Europe:

(N. Africa, S.W. Asia.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Crete, Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Portugal, Sicily and/or Malta

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Ag Bl(I M) Ca(C F G L P T) Cr Ct Gr Hs(S) dIt Lu Ma Md(M) Si dSi(S) Tn

Images (12 images)
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-0.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-1.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-2.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-3.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-4.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-5.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-6.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-7.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-8.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-9.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-10.
   Lycium intricatum   -   Image Code: LYCIN-11.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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