by Stephen Mifsud
   24 Sep 2020      ()
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Prunus armeniaca   (Apricot)

Prunus armeniaca   (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Prunus armeniaca retrieved from on 2020-Sep-24

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Prunus armeniaca L.
Published in L., Sp. Pl. 474 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Armeniaca vulgaris
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :


Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very Rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

White or Pink

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Shrub or small tree 3-6(-10) m, glabrous except for the flower and fruit; young twigs and young leaves reddish. Leaves 5-10 x 5-8 cm, broadly ovate to suborbicular, acuminate to cuspidate, serrate, truncate or subcordate at the base; petiole 2-4 cm. Flowers subsessile, solitary or in pairs, appearing before the leaves; hypanthium and calyx hairy; petals 10-15 mm, white or very pale pink. Fruit 4-8 cm, subglobose, velutinous, reddish or ange to yellow; mesocarp orange-yellow; endocarp lenticular, smooth,with 3 narrow ridges along one margin.

Distributional range:

Cultivated for its fruits (apricots) as a field crop in S. & S.C. Europe, and in gardens further north locally naturalized.

Native region outside Europe:

(C. Asia and China.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Switzerland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[Ag Al Ar Au cAu(A) Az Bl cBl(I M N) Bu cBy Co Cr cCs Ct Cy Ga Ge cGg Gr He Hs cHs(S) Hu It cLe Li cLS Lu Ma cMk cMo cPo cRf(C) Rm Sa Si cSi(M S) cSk cSr Tn cTu(A) Tu(E) Uk(K U)]

Images (8 images)
   Prunus armeniaca   -   Image Code: PRNAR-0.
   Prunus armeniaca   -   Image Code: PRNAR-1.
   Prunus armeniaca   -   Image Code: PRNAR-2.
   Prunus armeniaca   -   Image Code: PRNAR-3.
   Prunus armeniaca   -   Image Code: PRNAR-4.
   Prunus armeniaca   -   Image Code: PRNAR-5.
   Prunus armeniaca   -   Image Code: PRNAR-6.
   Prunus armeniaca   -   Image Code: PRNAR-7.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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