by Stephen Mifsud
   27 Feb 2020      ()
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Malus domestica   (Cultivated Apple)

Malus domestica   (ROSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Malus domestica retrieved from on 2020-Feb-27

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Malus domestica Borkhausen
Published in Borkh., Handb. Forstbot. 2: 1272 (1803)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Malus sylvestris subsp. mitis
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Rosaceae L. (The Rose Family)
34 species from the Rosaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Cultivated Apple

Maltese name(s) :

Tuffieħ selvaġġ

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

White or Pink

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Often escaping and occasionally naturalized.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Unarmed small to medium-sized tree; twigs tomentose. Leaves 4-13 x 3-7 cm, ovate-elliptical, serrate, with rounded, rarely cordate base, slightly tomentose above and densely tomentose beneath. Fruit more than 5 cm, varying in colour, sweet or acid, much longer than pedicel.

Distributional range:

Cultivated for its fruit almost throughout Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[cAg cAl cAu(A) cAz(S) cBe cBl cBr cBu Cg Co cCr cCs cCt cCy cDa Es Fe cGa Ge cGr cHb(E) cHe cHo cHs Hs(S) cHu cIt La cLe cLi cLS Lt cLu Ma cMd(M P) cMo cNo cPo cRf(C E NW S) cRm cSa cSi(M S) cSk Sl cSr Su Tn cTu(A E) Uk cUk(K U)]

Images (17 images)
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-0.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-1.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-2.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-3.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-4.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-5.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-6.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-7.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-8.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-9.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-10.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-11.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-12.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-13.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-14.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-15.
   Malus domestica   -   Image Code: MALDM-16.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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