by Stephen Mifsud
   2 Jun 2020      ()
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Anagallis arvensis   (Scarlet Pimpernel)

Anagallis arvensis   (PRIMULACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Profile Date Mar-2006 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Mar-2006) Anagallis arvensis retrieved from on 2020-Jun-02

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Anagallis arvensis L.
Published in L., Sp. Pl. 148 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Lysimachia arvensis
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Primulaceae Vent. (The Primrose Family)
2 species from the Primulaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Scarlet Pimpernel, Red pimpernel, Red chickweed

Maltese name(s) :

Ħarira ħamra

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE (annuals)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Blue, Pink and Orange

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Cultivated ground, waste places and maritime sands.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Wasteground, abandoned areas with soil, usually close to cultivated areas. Sometimes also found in exposed low garigue and steppe.

Botanical Description:

Annual or biennial, rarely short-lived perennial. Stems 6-50(-90) cm, quadrangular, diffuse, ascending to erect. Leaves 8-18(-25) x 4-10(-18) mm, opposite or rarely whorled, sessile, both surfaces dotted with glands; margins scarious; upper leaves narrower than lower, ovate to lanceolate. Flowers in axils of upper leaves; pedicels 3-35 mm, at anthesis usually exceeding subtending leaves, recurved in fruit. Calyx 3.5-5 mm, divided nearly to base; lobes narrowly lanceolate, apiculate, not concealing corolla in bud. Corolla (2-)4-7(-10) mm, blue, red or various paler colours; lobes ovate to elliptical, entire or dentate or crenate; marginal hairs usually numerous, always 3-celled, with a globose terminal cell. Stamens 0.5-1.5 mm, when dry 0.2-1 mm. Capsule 4-6 mm. Seeds 12-45.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

Almost throughout Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

All except Faroe Islands, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

? AE Ag Al Ar Au(A) Az Be Bl(M) Br Bu By dCa(C F G H L P T) Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fe Ga(F) Gr Hb(E) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu IJ It La Li LS Lt Lu Ma Md(D M P) Mk Mo Rf(C K N NW S) Rm Sa Sg Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Su Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K) [Az(C F G J L M P S T) Bu Ge Is No Po]

Images (21 images)
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-0.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-1.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-2.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-3.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-4.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-5.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-6.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-7.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-8.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-9.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-10.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-11.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-12.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-13.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-14.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-15.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-16.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-17.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-18.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-19.
   Anagallis arvensis   -   Image Code: ANGAR-20.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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