by Stephen Mifsud
   28 Sep 2020      ()
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Pinus halepensis   (Aleppo Pine)

Pinus halepensis  (PINACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Pinus halepensis retrieved from on 2020-Sep-28

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Pinus halepensisMiller
Published in Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 8 (1768)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Pinaceae Lindl. (The Pine Family)
5 species from the Pinaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Aleppo Pine, Jerusalem Pine

Maltese name(s) :

Żnuber, Siġra tal-Prinjol, Siġra tal-Arżnu

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Data not available - casual in the wild as a garden/field escape

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Protected by law: schedule II of legal notice LN200/2011. (Trees protected in selected areas)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

All year

Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Cultivated and naturalised in many sites, including afforestation programs

Botanical Description:

Tree up to 20 m; crown rounded; bark silvery-grey, becoming reddish-brown and deeply fissured. Twigs glabrous. Buds not resinous. Leaves in pairs, with 1-3 layers of hypodermal cells; resin-canals 3-8, submarginal (sometimes with 1 or 2 median). Cone 5-12 x 4 cm, shining, brown; apophysis convex. Seeds 7-8 mm; wing c. 20 mm.

Distributional range:

Mediterranean region Krym.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Introduced in  Portugal

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

? dAE(G) Ag Al BH Bl(I M N) Cg dCr Ct dCy Ga(F M) Gr Hs(G S) Ir It Jo Le Li Ma Mk Sa Si(S) Sy Tn Tu(A) -Tu(E) [cAb(A) cCa Ca(C F G H L T) nCo nLu Md(P) nSi(M) cSl cTcs]

Images (18 images)
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-0.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-1.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-2.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-3.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-4.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-5.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-6.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-7.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-8.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-9.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-10.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-11.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-12.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-13.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-14.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-15.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-16.
   Pinus halepensis   -   Image Code: PINHP-17.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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