by Stephen Mifsud
   29 Sep 2020      ()
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Pinus canariensis   (Canary Islands Pine)

Pinus canariensis  (PINACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Pinus canariensis retrieved from on 2020-Sep-29

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Pinus canariensisSweet ex Sprengel
Published in Sweet ex Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 3: 887 (1826)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Pinaceae Lindl. (The Pine Family)
5 species from the Pinaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Canary Islands Pine

Maltese name(s) :

Żnuber tal-gżejjer Kanarji

Status for Malta :

Introduced plants cultivated for agricultural or horticultural purposes but sometimes can be occassionaly found as an escapee close to the site of their original cultivation

Frequency :

Data not available - casual in the wild as a garden/field escape

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

All year

Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Public gardens and parks.

Botanical Description:

Tree up to 30 m; bark becoming thick, slightly fissured, reddish-brown. Twigs glabrous, yellow. Buds ovoid, not resinous; scales broadly white-fringed. Leaves 20-30 cm x 1 mm, in groups of 3, slender, acute, densely crowded; resin-canals submarginal. Cone 10-20 x 4-7 cm, ovoid-conical, shortly stalked, deflexed; apophysis depressed-pyramidal; umbo not mucronate. Seeds c. 12 mm; wing c. 20 mm.

Distributional range:

Planted for timber in Italy and to a smaller extent elsewhere in the Mediterranean region.

Native region outside Europe:

(Islas Canarias.)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in  Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

? Ca(C G H P T) [cAg Ma cSa nSi(S)]

Images (6 images)
   Pinus canariensis   -   Image Code: PINCN-0.
   Pinus canariensis   -   Image Code: PINCN-1.
   Pinus canariensis   -   Image Code: PINCN-2.
   Pinus canariensis   -   Image Code: PINCN-3.
   Pinus canariensis   -   Image Code: PINCN-4.
   Pinus canariensis   -   Image Code: PINCN-5.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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