by Stephen Mifsud
   23 Sep 2019      ()
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Acacia farnesiana   (Sweet Acacia)

Acacia farnesiana   (FABACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Acacia farnesiana retrieved from on 2019-Sep-23

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.
Published in (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 1083 (1806).

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Mimosa farnesiana
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Fabaceae Lindl. (The Pea Family)
7 species from the Fabaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Sweet Acacia

Maltese name(s) :

Akaċja tax-xewk żgħir

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Remarks :

Closely related is the species Accacia karroo, with larger and more numerous thorns and more common in Malta. Acacia species are highly invasive and planned to be eridicated from our islands by local authorities. Planting of such trees in now prohibited.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Cultivated in S.W. Europe for ornament and for perfumery.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Shrub up to 4 m. Leaves deciduous, 2-pinnate, bright green, glabrous, with 3-8 pairs of pinnae; leaflets 10-25 pairs, 3-5 x 1-1.5 mm, linear-oblong; stipular spines on older branches 25 mm, straight. Capitula 10-12 mm in diameter, 2-3 together in axils of older leaves, rarely solitary; peduncles 1-2 cm, pubescent. Flowers bright yellow, fragrant. Legume 50-90 x 10-15 mm, cylindrical-fusiform, thick, dark brown.

Distributional range:

Native to Dominican Republic

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in  France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Sicily and/or Malta

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[Ga(F) Hs(S) Ir It Le Si(S) Sy]

Images (7 images)
   Acacia farnesiana   -   Image Code: ACCFR-0.
   Acacia farnesiana   -   Image Code: ACCFR-1.
   Acacia farnesiana   -   Image Code: ACCFR-2.
   Acacia farnesiana   -   Image Code: ACCFR-3.
   Acacia farnesiana   -   Image Code: ACCFR-4.
   Acacia farnesiana   -   Image Code: ACCFR-5.
   Acacia farnesiana   -   Image Code: ACCFR-6.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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