by Stephen Mifsud
   2 Jun 2020      ()
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Alcea rosea   (Common Hollyhock)

Alcea rosea   (MALVACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Alcea rosea retrieved from on 2020-Jun-02

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Alcea rosea Berger
Published in L., Sp. Pl. 687 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Alcea ficifolia
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Malvaceae Juss. (The Mallow Family)
18 species from the Malvaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Common Hollyhock, St. Joseph's Staff

Maltese name(s) :

Bastun ta' San Ġuzepp

Status for Malta :

Casual or accidental alien species introduced in Malta rather recently and which is short-lived or resticted in small populations for a short time without becoming widespread.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Pink or Violet

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Gardens, farm houses, parks, fields. Some specimens encountered in the wild (abandoned or neglected fields) might have been planed by man and persist for a couple of years.

Botanical Description:

Stem glabrescent or sparsely setose with deflexed hairs, tomentose-pubescent only on youngest parts. Leaves cordate-orbicular to rhombic, weakly 3- to 5-lobed, slightly scabrid-setulose. Epicalyx-segments deltate to triangular-lanceolate, 1/2-2/3 as long as the subacute, triangular sepals. Petals 30-50 mm, contiguous, usually pink but sometimes white or violet. Mericarps 7 mm; dorsal face with deep, narrow furrow; angles rugose, produced into parallel wings; lateral faces appressed-setose.

Distributional range:

Of unknown origin cultivated in gardens throughout Europe and widely naturalized.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in  Austria and Liechtenstein, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Bulgaria, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Switzerland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[Ab Au Az(F P S) ?BH nBl(M) Br nBu By Ca(C F T) Cg nCo Es nGa(F) Ge He nHs(S) Hu nIJ nIt nJu La Lt nLu nMa Md(M) Mk Mo Rf(C E K NW S) cRm nSa Si(M) nSi(S) Sk Sl aSn nSr Uk nUk(K)]

Images (11 images)
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-0.
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-1.
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-2.
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-3.
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-4.
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-5.
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-6.
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-7.
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-8.
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-9.
   Alcea rosea   -   Image Code: ALCRS-10.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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