by Stephen Mifsud
   28 Feb 2020      ()
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Juncus articulatus   (Jointed Rush)

Juncus articulatus   (JUNCACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Juncus articulatus retrieved from on 2020-Feb-28

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Juncus articulatus L.
Published in L., Sp. Pl. 327 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Juncaceae Juss. (The Rush Family)
9 species from the Juncaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Jointed Rush, Joint-leaf Rush

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE (bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc.)
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Wet places.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Perennial, caespitose or with a creeping rhizome, rarely with submerged stems rooting and branching at the nodes. Stems 5-60 cm, rarely up to 100 cm and floating, erect or ascending, with 0-2 basal sheaths and 3-6 cauline leaves. Leaves unitubulose, perfectly septate, terete or somewhat laterally compressed. Inflorescence usually wide, with (1-)5-20(-80) heads; heads with 5-15(-30) flowers. Perianth-segments 2.5-3.5 mm, equal or unequal, ovate or rarely lanceolate; outer acute or rarely obtuse and mucronate; inner acute to obtuse, often mucronate. Stamens 6, 1/2-3/4 as long as the perianth; anthers 0.7-1 mm, equalling or longer than the filaments. Capsule 2.5-3.5(-4) mm, usually exceeding the perianth, trigonous-ovoid or rarely ellipsoid, acute or rarely obtuse, mucronate. Seeds 0.5-0.6 mm, ovoid, reticulate.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

Throughout Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

All except Svalbard archipelago

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

AE(G) Ag Al Au Az Be Bl Br Bt Bu By Ca Co Cr Cy Cz Da Fa Fe Ga Ge Gr Hb He Ho Hs Hu IJ Is It Ju Li LS Lu Ma Md No Po Rf(C CS E N NW S) Rm Sa Si Su Tcs Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U)

Images (6 images)
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-0.
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-1.
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-2.
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-3.
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-4.
   Juncus articulatus   -   Image Code: JNCAR-5.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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