MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   30 Sep 2020      ()
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Iris albicans   (Cemetery Iris)


Iris albicans  (IRIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Iridaceae Index Plant Family Index
 
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Iris albicans retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 2020-Sep-30

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Iris albicansLange
Published in Vid. Meddel. Dansk Naturh. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1860: 76 (1861)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Iris madonna Sprenger
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Iridaceae Juss. (The Iris Family)
23 species from the Iridaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Cemetery Iris, White cemetery Iris, White flag Iris

Maltese name(s) :

Fjurduliż abjad

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE (bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc.)
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

Mar-May

Colour of Flowers:

White

Remarks :

Reported in Maltese Florae and floristic reports as Iris florentina but this species is different, primarily in having petals with a light blue hue or patch at the lower part of the tepals. Some authors consider this species as a synonym of I. florentina, however it was found to be a natural hybrid and hence it is distinct from I. florentina.


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Originally planted in Moslem cemeteries in S. Europe and locally naturalized in dry, rocky or grassy places. .

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Disturbed ground and rocky places especially beside English military dwellings or stations

Botanical Description:

Stems 40-90 cm, stout, with branches at least 5 cm long in the upper half, the lower flowers well-exserted from the subtending bract even in bud. Leaves 30-70 cm × 20-35 mm, somewhat glaucous, more or less straight. Flowers (3-)4(-5), pure white; the lower subsessile on the main axis and enclosed by the subtending bract up to anthesis. Spathes 35-55 mm, scarcely exceeding the hypanthial tube, scarious in the upper 1/2-2/3. Hypanthial tube 17-25 mm. Falls 55-90 × 40-60 mm, cuneate-obovate, without a distinct claw. Standards 55-90 × 45-60 mm, broadly elliptical, with a short, wide claw. Seeds pyriform, rugose, reddish-brown.

Distributional range:

South and east Europe, but spreading westwards through cultivation


Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in  Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Doubtful in ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Doubtful in S Arabia

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[Bl Ca Cr Cy Ga Hs IJ LS Lu Ma Tu(A)]


Images (10 images)
   Iris albicans   -   Image Code: IRSAL-0.
   Iris albicans   -   Image Code: IRSAL-1.
   Iris albicans   -   Image Code: IRSAL-2.
   Iris albicans   -   Image Code: IRSAL-3.
   Iris albicans   -   Image Code: IRSAL-4.
   Iris albicans   -   Image Code: IRSAL-5.
   Iris albicans   -   Image Code: IRSAL-6.
   Iris albicans   -   Image Code: IRSAL-7.
   Iris albicans   -   Image Code: IRSAL-8.
   Iris albicans   -   Image Code: IRSAL-9.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

The Plant List

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive


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