MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   29 Nov 2021      ()
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Pteridium aquilinum   (Bracken Fern)


Pteridium aquilinum  (HYPOLEPIDACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-07 (taxon update: 14-Aug-2017)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2021) Pteridium aquilinum profile created on Oct-07. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 29-Nov-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Pteridium aquilinum(L.) Kuhn
Published in (L.) Kuhn in Kersten, Reise Ost. Afr. Bot. 3(3):11 (1879)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Pteris aquilinum
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Hypolepidaceae (The Family)
1 species from the Hypolepidaceae family is recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Bracken Fern, Western Bracken Fern, Brake Fern

Maltese name(s) :

Feliċilla, Feliċija, Feliċita

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE ( bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc. )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Not legally protected till the last update of this website (25/Sep/2021)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

All year

Colour of Flowers:

Inconspicuous

Name Derivation :

Pteridium:
aquilinum:


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Usually calcifuge.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Clayey soils
Botanical Description: Leaves 40-400 cm, 2-pinnate or more usually 3-pinnate-pinnatifid, more or less woolly to glabrous on the lower surface, glabrous or subglabrous on the upper, the young unfurling fronds (croziers) with filiform, white (colourless) scales and usually with red hairs; petiole tomentose at the base, remaining so or becoming glabrous throughout; pinnae orientated horizontally; pinnules shortly acuminate to obtuse. Indusium ciliate.
Chromosome number: 2n=104
Distributional range: Almost throughout Europe but local in the east.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
All except Faroe Islands, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab(A) AE(G) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) Az(C F G J L M P S T) Be(B L) BH Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Ca(C G H L P T) Cg Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Es Fe Ga(C F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu Ir It La Le Lt Lu Ma Md(D M P) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E N NW S) Rm Sa Sg Si(M S) Sk Sl Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [Eg]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (5 images)
   Pteridium aquilinum   -   Image Code: PTRAQ-0.
   Pteridium aquilinum   -   Image Code: PTRAQ-1.
   Pteridium aquilinum   -   Image Code: PTRAQ-2.
   Pteridium aquilinum   -   Image Code: PTRAQ-3.
   Pteridium aquilinum   -   Image Code: PTRAQ-4.

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