MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   29 Nov 2021      ()
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Spartium junceum   (Spanish Broom)


Spartium junceum  (FABACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands after year 2000.

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Profile Date Nov-07 (taxon update: 14-Aug-2017)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (2021) Spartium junceum profile created on Nov-07. Retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 29-Nov-2021

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Spartium junceumL.
Published in L., Sp. Pl. 708 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Genista juncea
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life] [Worldplants.de]

Plant Family :

Fabaceae Lindl. (=Leguminosae) (The Pea Family)
106 species from the Fabaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Spanish Broom, Weaver's Broom

Maltese name(s) :

Ġenista safra

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common    Frequent     Scarce     Rare    Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Nano-Phanerophyte ( small trees to large shrubs, usually <5 m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection :

Protected by law: Schedule II of [S.L. 549.123] (Trees protected in selected areas)

Red List (1989) :

Threatened status for the Maltese Islands and has been listed in the Red Data Book (1st ed.)

Flowering Time :

April – May

Colour of Flowers:

Yellow

Name Derivation :

Spartium:
junceum:


Description, Habitat and Distribution
Habitat in Europe: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Preferred habitat in Malta: Data will be available in the next update of this website.
Botanical Description: Up to 3 m (or more in cultivation). Branches cylindrical, striate, medullated, flexible, glaucous-green, glabrous. Leaves 10-30 x 2-5 mm, sparse, oblong-linear to lanceolate, glabrous above, appressed-sericeous beneath, subsessile, caducous. Flowers showy, sweet-scented, borne singly; pedicels with a small caducous bract at the base and two bracteoles at the apex. Corolla 20-25 mm. Legume flat, sericeous, becoming glabrous. Seeds 10-18.
Distributional range: Mediterranean region and S.W. Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):
Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):
Albania, the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  Bulgaria, Romania, Russia and former USSR
Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(from Euro+Med Checklist, 2019)
  Country codes  
Ab(A) Ag Al Az Bl Ca Co Cr Ga(F) Gr Hs(S) Ir It Ju Le Lu Ma Sa Si(M S) Sy Tn Tu(A E) [Ar Br Bu Es Gg(A G) Rf(CS) Rm Uk(K U)]

Links & Further literature (0 papers)

Google Web

Google Images

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

World Flora Online

Plants of the World Online

Vienna Virt. Herb.

RBGE Herbarium

KEW Herbarium

MNHN

Arkive

IUCN

CABI
Kindly Email if there are papers and publications about local studies or information about this species to be included in the list above.

Species Images (7 images)
   Spartium junceum   -   Image Code: SPRJU-0.
   Spartium junceum   -   Image Code: SPRJU-1.
   Spartium junceum   -   Image Code: SPRJU-2.
   Spartium junceum   -   Image Code: SPRJU-3.
   Spartium junceum   -   Image Code: SPRJU-4.
   Spartium junceum   -   Image Code: SPRJU-5.
   Spartium junceum   -   Image Code: SPRJU-6.

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