MaltaWildPlants.com by Stephen Mifsud
 
     
   18 Sep 2019      ()
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Diospyros lotus   (Date-Plum)


Diospyros lotus   (EBENACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

 
Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Diospyros lotus retrieved from MaltaWildPlants.com on 2019-Sep-18

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Diospyros lotus L.
Published in L., Sp. Pl. 1057 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Ebenaceae Gurke (The Ebony Family)
2 species from the Ebenaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Date-Plum, Lotus Persimmon, Lotus Tree

Maltese name(s) :

Maltese name not known

Status for Malta :

Introduced plants cultivated for agricultural or horticultural purposes but sometimes can be occassionaly found as an escapee close to the site of their original cultivation

Frequency :

Data not available - casual in the wild as a garden/field escape

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

May-Jul

Colour of Flowers:

Green


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Cultivated locally for its edible fruits

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Tree up to 14 m, with furrowed bark. Young twigs pubescent. Leaves 6-12 x 2.5-5 cm, elliptical to oblong, rounded to broadly cuneate at base, acuminate, entire, pubescent when young but usually glabrescent above, shortly petiolate. Male flowers 2- 3 together, c. 5 mm; female flowers solitary, 8-10 mm. Calyx with 4 short, acute, ciliate lobes, villous within. Corolla reddish- or greenish-white, with recurved, rounded, ciliate lobes c. 1/2 as long as the tube. Fruit c. 15 mm in diameter, globose, yellow or blue-black.

Distributional range:

widely naturalized in the Balkan peninsula and occasionally elsewhere in S. Europe.

Native region outside Europe:

Asia


Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Doubtful in France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Switzerland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

dGg Tu(A) [nAl cAr nBl -Bu Co Ct aGa nGr cHe nHs Hs(S) It nJu cUk(K)]


Images (3 images)
   Diospyros lotus   -   Image Code: DIOLT-0.
   Diospyros lotus   -   Image Code: DIOLT-1.
   Diospyros lotus   -   Image Code: DIOLT-2.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images

Wikipedia

JSTOR

GBIF

Med Checklist

Cat. of Life

EoL

IPNI

The Plant List

NYBG

Vienna Virt. Hb.

RBGE

KEW

MNHN

Arkive


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