by Stephen Mifsud
   3 Aug 2020      ()
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Juniperus phoenicea   (Phoenician Juniper)

Juniperus phoenicea  (CUPRESSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Juniperus phoenicea retrieved from on 2020-Aug-03

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Juniperus phoeniceaL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 1040 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Cupressaceae Barlett (The Cypress Family)
5 species from the Cupressaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Phoenician Juniper

Maltese name(s) :

Ġnibru, Ġniepru

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Nano-Phanerophyte (small trees to large shrubs)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Protected by law: schedule II of legal notice LN200/2011. (Trees protected in selected areas)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

All year

Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Maquis and forest margins, especially near the coast

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Sides of maquis, cultivated for ornament

Botanical Description:

Monoecious small tree up to 8 m, or shrub (procumbent on seashores). Twigs 1 mm wide, terete, scaly. Juvenile leaves 5-14 x 0.5-1 mm, acicular, patent, acute, mucronate, with 2 stomatal bands above and beneath; adult leaves 0.7-1 mm, scale-like, ovate-rhombic, closely appressed, obtuse to somewhat acute, with an oblong, furrowed gland on the back, and a distinct scarious border. Female cone 8-14 mm, ripening in the second year, globose to ovoid, blackish when very young, later green or yellowish and not or slightly pruinose, dark red when ripe. Seeds 3-9, free.

Distributional range:

Mediterranean region and Portugal

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

? AE(G) Ag Al BH Bl(I M N) Ca(C G H P T) Cg Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F) Gr Hs(A S) Ir It Jo Li Lu Ma Md(M P) Mk Sa Si(S) Sn Tn Tu(A) -Uk(K)

Images (8 images)
   Juniperus phoenicea   -   Image Code: JNPPH-0.
   Juniperus phoenicea   -   Image Code: JNPPH-1.
   Juniperus phoenicea   -   Image Code: JNPPH-2.
   Juniperus phoenicea   -   Image Code: JNPPH-3.
   Juniperus phoenicea   -   Image Code: JNPPH-4.
   Juniperus phoenicea   -   Image Code: JNPPH-5.
   Juniperus phoenicea   -   Image Code: JNPPH-6.
   Juniperus phoenicea   -   Image Code: JNPPH-7.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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