by Stephen Mifsud
   28 Sep 2020      ()
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Cupressus sempervirens   (Italian Cypress)

Cupressus sempervirens  (CUPRESSACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Cupressus sempervirens retrieved from on 2020-Sep-28

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Cupressus sempervirensL.
Published in Sp. Pl. 1002 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Cupressus pyramidalis
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Cupressaceae Barlett (The Cypress Family)
5 species from the Cupressaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Italian Cypress, Mediterranean Cypress

Maltese name(s) :

Ċipress, Ċipress kannella

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Protected by law: schedule I of legal notice LN200/2011. (Strictly protected tree species)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :

All year

Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Forest (and parks)

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Widely planted and often naturalised

Botanical Description:

Tree up to 30 m. Leaves 0.5-1 mm, dark green, obtuse. Male cone 4-8 mm; female 25-40 mm, ellipsoid-oblong (rarely globose), green when young and shining yellowish-grey when ripe, with 8-14 shortly and obtusely mucronate scales. Seeds 8-20 on each scale.

Distributional range:

Native in Kriti and perhaps elsewhere in the E. Mediterranean. Planted throughout S. Europe, and naturalized in many districts

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Crete, Greece, Introduced in Albania, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Corse, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Switzerland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

AE(G) Cr Cy dGr Ir Jo Le Li Sy dTn Tu(A) [cAb cAg nAl Bl cBl(M) Bu cCa Ca(G H) aCg Co cCt Ga(F) He Hs cHs(S) It nJu cLu cMa cRm cSa Si(M S) cTcs Tu(E) Uk(K)]

Images (11 images)
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-0.
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-1.
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-2.
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-3.
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-4.
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-5.
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-6.
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-7.
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-8.
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-9.
   Cupressus sempervirens   -   Image Code: CUPSV-10.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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