by Stephen Mifsud
   2 Jun 2020      ()
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Cucurbita pepo   (Pumpkin)

Cucurbita pepo   (CUCURBITACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Cucurbita pepo retrieved from on 2020-Jun-02

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Cucurbita pepo L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 1010 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Cucurbita aurantia
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Cucurbitaceae Juss. (The Gourd or Cucumber Family)
2 species from the Cucurbitaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Pumpkin, Field Pumpkin, Summer Squash

Maltese name(s) :

Qargħa ħamra

Status for Malta :

Introduced plants cultivated for agricultural or horticultural purposes but sometimes can be occassionaly found as an escapee close to the site of their original cultivation

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE (annuals)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Remarks :

Numerous agricultural varieties have been produced from this species, mainly differing in the fruit.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Agriculture casual escape near cultivated fields

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Cultivated crop sometimes found escaping in field margins and over rubble walls, especially when fields are located near valley sides

Botanical Description:

Stems up to c. 10 mm in diameter, hispid. Leaves 15-30 cm, broadly ovate in outline, cordate, variously lobed, hispid-setose; lobes acute. Peduncles of male and female flowers 5-angled, slightly expanded below the female flowers. Calyx-lobes linear-lanceolate; corolla 7-10 cm in diameter, deep yellow; lobes ovate, acute or acuminate. Fruit 15-40 cm in diameter, globose to cylindrical, green or yellow, smooth or tuberculate; seeds white.

Distributional range:

S. Europe

Native region outside Europe:

(N. Central America)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Albania, the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Ireland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[Ab(A N) aAl cAr aAu(A) aAz(F L S) aBe(B L) aBr cBu By Ca(F T) Cg cCo aCs Ct aDa Es aFe aGa(C F) aGe cHe Hs(S) cHu nIt La Lt Mo aNo cPo Rf(C E K N NW S) Rm nSa nSi(M S) cSk cSM aSu Tu cUk Uk(K U)]

Images (8 images)
   Cucurbita pepo   -   Image Code: CUCPE-0.
   Cucurbita pepo   -   Image Code: CUCPE-1.
   Cucurbita pepo   -   Image Code: CUCPE-2.
   Cucurbita pepo   -   Image Code: CUCPE-3.
   Cucurbita pepo   -   Image Code: CUCPE-4.
   Cucurbita pepo   -   Image Code: CUCPE-5.
   Cucurbita pepo   -   Image Code: CUCPE-6.
   Cucurbita pepo   -   Image Code: CUCPE-7.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
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