by Stephen Mifsud
   28 Feb 2020      ()
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Matricaria chamomilla   (Scented Mayweed)

Matricaria chamomilla   (ASTERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Matricaria chamomilla retrieved from on 2020-Feb-28

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Matricaria chamomilla L.
Published in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 9: 255 (1974)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Matricaria chamomilla
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (=Compositae) (The Daisy or Sunflower Family)
125 species from the Asteraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Scented Mayweed, Chamomille

Maltese name(s) :

Kamumilla, Kamumella nana

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE (annuals)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Cultivated fields, waste places and saline steppes; sometimes cultivated as a medicinal plant

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Glabrous. Stems (2-)10-60 cm, erect or ascending, much-branched above. Leaves 4-7 cm; segments acute, well separated. Peduncles 3-10 cm; capitula (1-)8-120(-900), 10-25 mm in diameter; involucral bracts with a pale margin. Ligules 6-9 x 2-3 mm, soon deflexed, rarely absent; tubular florets 5-lobed, yellow; upper part of tube campanulate above a marked constriction. Achenes c. 1 mm, pale greyish-brown, with 4-5 ribs on the ventral face; pappus usually very small or absent, but sometimes, especially in achenes of the ligulate florets, a conspicuous, irregularly toothed auricle, as long as or longer than the achene.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

Most of Europe, but probably native only in the south and east

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

All Europe except the Azores, Faroe Islands, Ireland, Iceland, Russia and former USSR, Svalbard archipelago, casual in some of these

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Ab(A) AE(G T) Ag Al Au(A L) Be(B L) BH Br Bu By Cg Cr Cs Ct Cy Da dEg Fe Ga(C F) Ge Gg Gr He Ho Hs(A S) Hu Ir It Le -Li Lu Ma Mk Mo No Rf(C CS E K NW S) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sk Sl dSn Sr Su Sy Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [Ag nAu(A) nAz(F P) aBl(M N) Ca(C F G L P T) nCa(H) Co Eg nEs aHb(E N) aIs aLa nLt nPo Rf(N) nTn]

Images (9 images)
   Matricaria chamomilla   -   Image Code: MTRCM-0.
   Matricaria chamomilla   -   Image Code: MTRCM-1.
   Matricaria chamomilla   -   Image Code: MTRCM-2.
   Matricaria chamomilla   -   Image Code: MTRCM-3.
   Matricaria chamomilla   -   Image Code: MTRCM-4.
   Matricaria chamomilla   -   Image Code: MTRCM-5.
   Matricaria chamomilla   -   Image Code: MTRCM-6.
   Matricaria chamomilla   -   Image Code: MTRCM-7.
   Matricaria chamomilla   -   Image Code: MTRCM-8.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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