by Stephen Mifsud
   17 Nov 2019      ()
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Cynara scolymus   (Globe Artichoke)

Cynara scolymus   (ASTERACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Cynara scolymus retrieved from on 2019-Nov-17

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Cynara scolymus
Published in Sp. Pl. 827 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Cynara cardunculus subsp. scolymus
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (=Compositae) (The Daisy or Sunflower Family)
125 species from the Asteraceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Globe Artichoke

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very Rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Blue or Violet

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Cultivated, seldom found in abandoned fields

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Botanical Description:

Stems up to 200 cm, glabrescent; leaves up to 80 x 40 cm, soft, glabrescent above and greyish-tomentose beneath, with wide, unarmed or mucronulate segments; involucre 60-70 x 70-80 mm, the bracts fleshy, with a flattish apical appendage; appendage 15-40 x 12-35 mm, ovate to triangular, truncate, cuspidate or sinuate-truncate.

Distributional range:

West, Central and South Europe

Native region outside Europe:

(N. Africa, perhaps also originating from S.W. Europe)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in  Austria and Liechtenstein, Belgium, Corse, Crete, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[cAb(A) cAl cAu aBe cBH aBl cBl(M) aCo Cr Ct Cy aGa(F) cGe cGr aHe cHo cHs aHs(S) cIJ cIr It cJu cLe cLi cLS cLu cMo cRf(S) cRm Sa cSi(M) Si(S) cSk cTcs Tu(A) cUk(K U)]

Images (11 images)
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-0.
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-1.
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-2.
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-3.
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-4.
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-5.
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-6.
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-7.
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-8.
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-9.
   Cynara scolymus   -   Image Code: CYNSC-10.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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