by Stephen Mifsud
   24 Sep 2020      ()
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Hedera helix   (Ivy)

Hedera helix   (ARALIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Hedera helix retrieved from on 2020-Sep-24

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Hedera helix L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 202 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Hedera taurica
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Araliaceae Juss. (The Aralia Family)
2 species from the Araliaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Ivy, English Ivy

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Macro-Phanerophyte (high trees usually over 10m )
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Yellow or Inconspicuous

Remarks :

Aggressive climber covering completely trees, walls and rock faces in shaded or damp areas. Sometimes found on the ground in wooded areas.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Climbing on trees, rocks and walls, or covering the ground in woods.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Aggressive climber covering completely trees, walls and rock faces in shaded or damp areas. Occasionally found trailing on the ground in wooded areas.

Botanical Description:

Stem up to 30 m, creeping or climbing. Young shoots and inflorescence densely covered with stellate to peltate hairs 0.15-0.4 mm in diameter, with (4-)6-16(-22) rays. Leaves shining, dark green, dimorphic; those of the flowering shoots (often absent in shady or cold situations) 6-10 x 2-12 cm, narrowly elliptical to suborbicular-cordate, entire; those of the non-flowering shoots up to 15 x 15 cm but usually much less, palmately 3- or 5-lobed. Petals 3-5 mm, yellowish-green, patent, later deflexed. Berry with 2-3 seeds.

Distributional range:

W., C. & S. Europe, northwards to 60° 30' in Norway, and extending eastwards to Latvia and Ukraine.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

All Europe except Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago, Russia and former USSR

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Ag Al Au Be Bl Br Bt Bu By Co Cr Cy Cz Da Ga Ge Gr Hb He Ho Hs Hu IJ It Ju LS Lu No Po Rf(C CS NW S) Rm Sa Si Su Tcs Tn Tu(A E) Uk(U)

Images (16 images)
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-0.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-1.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-2.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-3.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-4.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-5.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-6.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-7.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-8.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-9.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-10.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-11.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-12.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-13.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-14.
   Hedera helix   -   Image Code: HDRHX-15.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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