by Stephen Mifsud
   20 Jan 2021      ()
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Chamaerops humilis   (Dwarf Fan Palm)

Chamaerops humilis   (ARECACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Chamaerops humilis retrieved from on 2021-Jan-20

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Chamaerops humilis L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 1187 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Arecaceae Schultz Sch. (=Palmae) (The Palm Family)
5 species from the Arecaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Dwarf Fan Palm, European Dwarf Palm

Maltese name(s) :

Ġummara, Ġummar safrani

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very Rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: Nano-Phanerophyte (small trees to large shrubs)
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Protected by law: schedule II of legal notice LN200/2011. (Trees protected in selected areas)

Red List (1989) :

This species has a threatened status and is listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Yellow or Green

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Sandy or rocky ground, mainly near the coast.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Its natural habitat is scrub and high garigue close to the coast, but it is also found cultivated in parks, public gardens and rarely in fields.

Botanical Description:

Acaulescent or with a short, obconical stem not more than 1.5-2 m in the wild, covered with grey or whitish fibres. Leaves with a green to glaucous, flat lamina up to 80 cm. Spadices up to 35 cm; spathe more or less lanate at margin. Fruits (8-)12-30(-45) mm, globose, ovoid or oblong, yellow or brown.

Distributional range:

W. Mediterranean region, eastwards to Malta

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

the Balaeric Islands, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Ag Bl Ga Hs It Li Lu Ma Sa Si Tn

Images (9 images)
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-0.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-1.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-2.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-3.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-4.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-5.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-6.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-7.
   Chamaerops humilis   -   Image Code: CMRHU-8.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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