by Stephen Mifsud
   10 Jul 2020      ()
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Arum italicum   (Italian Lords and Ladies)

Arum italicum   (ARACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Nov-2006 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Nov-2006) Arum italicum retrieved from on 2020-Jul-10

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Arum italicum Mill.
Published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 2 (1768)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Araceae Juss. (The Arum Family)
8 species from the Araceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Italian Lords and Ladies, Large Cuckoo Pint, Italian Arum

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE (bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc.)
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:

Green or White

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Hedges and disturbed ground.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Moist shaded places, namely along valley sides or beds of small valleys, especially under stands of giant reeds. Alus found on damp areas in maquis, and woodlands.

Botanical Description:

Plant 25-50(-70) cm. Tuber c. 5 cm, horizontal. Leaves appearing in autumn or early winter; lamina 15-35 cm, sagittate to hastate, shiny; petiole 15-40 cm. Peduncle usually 1/3-1/2 as long as petioles, rarely almost as long. Spathe 15-40 cm, drooping early at apex. Spadix 1/3(-1/2) as long as spathe; appendix stout, yellow. Sterile flowers present above and below the male. Fruiting spike 10-15 cm. Flowering in late spring or early summer.

Distributional range:

S. & W. Europe, northwards to S. England.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Albania, the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Switzerland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part), Introduced in  the Netherlands

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Ag Al Az Bl Br Bu Ca Co Cr Cy Ga Gr He Hs It Ju Lu Ma Md Rf(CS) Sa Si Tcs Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K) [Ho]

Images (10 images)
   Arum italicum   -   Image Code: ARUIT-0.
   Arum italicum   -   Image Code: ARUIT-1.
   Arum italicum   -   Image Code: ARUIT-2.
   Arum italicum   -   Image Code: ARUIT-3.
   Arum italicum   -   Image Code: ARUIT-4.
   Arum italicum   -   Image Code: ARUIT-5.
   Arum italicum   -   Image Code: ARUIT-6.
   Arum italicum   -   Image Code: ARUIT-7.
   Arum italicum   -   Image Code: ARUIT-8.
   Arum italicum   -   Image Code: ARUIT-9.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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