by Stephen Mifsud
   22 Sep 2019      ()
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Ferula melitensis   (Maltese Giant Fennel)

Ferula melitensis  (APIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Ferula melitensis retrieved from on 2019-Sep-22

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Ferula melitensisBrullo, C.Brullo, Cambria, Giusso, Salmeri & Bacch.

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

No Main Synonyms
Synonym that was used for long in Malta: Ferula communis L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Apiaceae Lindl. (=Umbelliferea) (The Carrot Family)
34 species from the Apiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Maltese Giant Fennel

Maltese name(s) :

Ferla ta' Malta

Status for Malta :

Endemic. Occurs only on the Maltese islands

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Remarks :

Previously known as Ferula communis until recent studies concluded to be an endemic species for the Maltese Islands differing from F. communis in Europe and F. tingitana in north Africa.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Species endemic to the Maltese islands, not found in the rest of Europe

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Disturbed rocky areas, steppe, derelict fields, footpaths near fields. Could be considered as a semi-ruderal species

Botanical Description:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Distributional range:

Endemic to Malta

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):


Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Si (M)

Images (13 images)
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-0.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-1.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-2.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-3.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-4.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-5.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-6.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-7.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-8.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-9.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-10.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-11.
   Ferula melitensis   -   Image Code: FRLMT-12.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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