by Stephen Mifsud
   17 Nov 2019      ()
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Daucus carota subsp. carota   (Wild Carrot)

Daucus carota subsp. carota   (APIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Daucus carota subsp. carota retrieved from on 2019-Nov-17

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Daucus carota subsp. carota L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 242 (1753)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Daucus foliosus Gussone
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Apiaceae Lindl. (=Umbelliferea) (The Carrot Family)
34 species from the Apiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Wild Carrot, Queen Anne's Lace

Maltese name(s) :

Zunnarija salvaġġa, Karrotti salvaġġ, Bejt id-Durrajs

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Remarks :

Very variable species present in different forms depending the habitat and environmental conditions. Some species like D. lopadosanus and D. rupestris are included by some authors within the variety of D. carota s.l. Studies on this highly debatable species complex are still ongoing.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Many rocky and exposed habitats such as steppe, garigue and scrub.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Various habitats but mostly in abandoned or neglected fields, wasteground and ruderal in road margins.

Botanical Description:

Annual or biennial, variable in habit and branching; stems 10-100(-150) cm, glabrous to hispid. Leaves 2- to 3-pinnate, rarely less divided, the segments linear to lanceolate, glabrous to pubescent, thin or fleshy; upper cauline leaves often bract-like. Umbels concave, flat or convex, with a variable number of rays. Bracts as long as the rays or shorter, 1- to 2-pinnatisect; bracteoles of outer partial umbels 3-sect, those of the inner simple. Petals white to purplish, often with one or several flowers of the central umbel dark purple. Fruit 2-4 mm; spines on the secondary ridges not longer than the width of the mericarps.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

Most of Europe.

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

All Europe except Faroe Islands, Iceland, Svalbard archipelago, alien in Finland, Russia and former USSR

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

? Ab(A N) Ag Al Au(A L) Az ?Az(F G J M) Be(B L) Bl(M N) Br Bu Co Cr Cs Ct Da Es Ga(F) Ge Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(S) Hu It La Li Lt Lu Ma Md(M) Po Rf(CS) Rm Sa Si(S) Sk Su Tn Tu(E) Uk(K) [Cy nFe aLS nNo]

Images (18 images)
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-0.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-1.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-2.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-3.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-4.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-5.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-6.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-7.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-8.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-9.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-10.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-11.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-12.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-13.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-14.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-15.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-16.
   Daucus carota subsp. carota   -   Image Code: DAUCA-17.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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