by Stephen Mifsud
   12 Dec 2019      ()
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Apium graveolens   (Wild Celery)

Apium graveolens   (APIACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Apium graveolens retrieved from on 2019-Dec-12

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Apium graveolens L.
Published in Sp. Pl. 264 (1753).

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Apium dulce Mill.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Apiaceae Lindl. (=Umbelliferea) (The Carrot Family)
34 species from the Apiaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Wild Celery, Marsh Parsley, Smallage

Maltese name(s) :


Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: HEMICRYPTOPHYTE (prostate plants with flowers close to the ground)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Protected by law: schedule VIII of legal notice LN311/2006. (Exploitation subject to management measures)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Damp places, usually near the sea

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Primarily found in cultivation but it is sometimes seen in valley beds (naturalised in sizeable numbers) and shaded, damp rocky sides.

Botanical Description:

Stout biennial up to 100 cm, with a strong, characteristic smell. Stem sulcate, solid. Leaves 1- to 2-pinnate; segments 5-50 mm, deltate, rhombic or lanceolate, lobed and serrate or almost crenate. Umbels mostly shortly pedunculate or sessile, often leaf-opposed. Rays 4-12. Bracts and bracteoles absent. Fruit 1.5-2 mm, broadly ovoid.

Distributional range:

Coasts of Europe northwards to c. 56°

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Albania, Austria and Liechtenstein, the Azores, Belgium, the Balaeric Islands, Britain (excl. Northern Ireland and Channel islands), Bulgaria, Corse, Crete, Denmark, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Germany, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Introduced in  Czeck Republic and Slovakia, Finland, Switzerland, Hungary, Norway, Sweden

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Ab(A) AE(G) Ag Al Au †Au(A) Az Be(B) Bl(M N) Br Bu Cg Co Cr Ct Cy Da Ga(F) Ge dGg Gr Hb(E N) Ho Hs(S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma Md(M P) Mk Po Rf(CS) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sl Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk(K U) [Ar aAu(A) Az(C F G J L M P S T) Bu Ca(C F G H L P T) Cs aEg aFe cHu aNo cRm aSk aSn nSu Uk]

Images (17 images)
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-0.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-1.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-2.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-3.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-4.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-5.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-6.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-7.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-8.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-9.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-10.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-11.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-12.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-13.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-14.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-15.
   Apium graveolens   -   Image Code: APUGV-16.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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