by Stephen Mifsud
   27 May 2020      ()
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Allium neapolitanum   (Naples Leek)

Allium neapolitanum   (AMARYLLIDACEAE .) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Allium neapolitanum retrieved from on 2020-May-27

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Allium neapolitanum Cirillo
Published in Pl. Rar. Neap. 1: 13 (1788)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Allium amblyopetalum Link
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Amaryllidaceae Jaume St.-Hil (The Daffodil or Amaryllis Family)
27 species from the Amaryllidaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Naples Leek, White garlic

Maltese name(s) :

Kurrat ta' Napli

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very Rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: GEOPHYTE (bearing underground bulbs, rhizomes, stolons, etc.)
Germination [info]: Monocotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Remarks :

One population was found in an afforested area where the bulbs of this leek was likely transferred accidentally with the trees when imported to the Maltese Islands.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Pastures, cultivated ground and dry, open habitats

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Wasteground, abandoned cultivation, maquis

Botanical Description:

Bulbs 1-2 cm in diameter, subglobose; outer tunics membranous or crustaceous, not pitted. Stem 20-50 cm, triquetrous, with 2 edges slightly winged. Leaves usually 2, 8-35 x 5-20 mm, sheathing the lower 1/5-1/4 of the stem and almost basal, very narrowly lanceolate to linear, keeled beneath, glabrous, sometimes with denticulate margin. Spathe 1-valved, entire, persistent, shorter than pedicels. Umbel 5-8 cm in diameter, fastigiate or hemispherical, many-flowered; pedicels 15-35 mm. Perianth cup-shaped or stellate; segments 7-12 x 4-6 mm, white, the outer broadly elliptical, the inner elliptical, obtuse. Stamens included; filaments c. 5 mm, simple. Capsule 5 mm, enclosed within the connivent, glistening perianth-segments

Chromosome number:

2n=14, 21, 28, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36

Distributional range:

Mediterranean region and Portugal

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Corse, Crete, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

AE(G) Al Ca Co Cr Cy Eg Ga Gr Hs IJ It Ju LS Lu Md Sa Si Sn Tu(A E) [Ag Az Ca Ma Md]

Images (7 images)
   Allium neapolitanum   -   Image Code: ALLNP-0.
   Allium neapolitanum   -   Image Code: ALLNP-1.
   Allium neapolitanum   -   Image Code: ALLNP-2.
   Allium neapolitanum   -   Image Code: ALLNP-3.
   Allium neapolitanum   -   Image Code: ALLNP-4.
   Allium neapolitanum   -   Image Code: ALLNP-5.
   Allium neapolitanum   -   Image Code: ALLNP-6.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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