by Stephen Mifsud
   28 Feb 2021      ()
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Salicornia appressa   (Twiggy Glasswort)

Salicornia appressa  (AMARANTHACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Salicornia appressa retrieved from on 2021-Feb-28

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Salicornia appressaDumort
Published in Bot. Gaz. (London) 3: 29 (1851)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Salicornia ramosissima Woods
Synonym that was used for long in Malta: Salicornia ramosissima Woods
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Amaranthaceae Juss. (The Amaranth Family)
42 species from the Amaranthaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Twiggy Glasswort

Maltese name(s) :

Almeridja, Salikornja

Status for Malta :

Indigenous. Present on the Maltese islands before man

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: THEROPHYTE (annuals)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Remarks :

For long this glasswort species was known under the name of Salicornia ramosissima but taxonomic research have revealed that the description of this species by J. Woods (1816) was invalid due to improper designation and hence not accepted according to botanical nomenclature standards. The name Salicornia appressa which was validly published by the Belgian botanist Barthelemy Dumort (1866) is the legitimate taxon next in date for this plant.

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Less open mud in middle and upper parts of salt-marshes

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Brackish marshes

Botanical Description:

Plant up to 40 cm, erect or procumbent, typically much-branched and bushy but sometimes forming pure stands of small, simple plants; dark green sometimes becoming yellowish-green, with dark purplish-red or purple first appearing round the flowers and along the upper edge of the fertile segments and sometimes eventually colouring the whole segment. Terminal spike 5-30(-40) mm; lower fertile segments 1.9-3.5 mm, 2.5-4 mm wide at the narrowest point and 3-5.3 mm wide at the widest; upper edge with a conspicuous, scarious margin 0.1-0.2 mm wide.

Chromosome number:


Distributional range:

W. Europe and W. Mediterranean region

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

Be Bl(I M N) Br Bu Co Da Ga(C F) Ge Hb(E N) Ho Hs(S) It Lu No Sa Si(M) ?Si(S)

Images (6 images)
   Salicornia appressa   -   Image Code: SCORM-0.
   Salicornia appressa   -   Image Code: SCORM-1.
   Salicornia appressa   -   Image Code: SCORM-2.
   Salicornia appressa   -   Image Code: SCORM-3.
   Salicornia appressa   -   Image Code: SCORM-4.
   Salicornia appressa   -   Image Code: SCORM-5.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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