by Stephen Mifsud
   26 Feb 2021      ()
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Amaranthus deflexus   (Large-fruited Amaranth)

Amaranthus deflexus  (AMARANTHACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

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Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Amaranthus deflexus retrieved from on 2021-Feb-26

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Amaranthus deflexusL.
Published in Mantissa Alt. 295 (1771).

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Albersia prostrata (L.) Fourr.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Amaranthaceae Juss. (The Amaranth Family)
42 species from the Amaranthaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Large-fruited Amaranth, Spreading Amaranth, Low Pigweed

Maltese name(s) :

Denb id-dib lixx

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492 and spreads to form established, non-invasive populations. It may become become invasive if it widespreads rapidly.

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: CHAMEOPHYTE (dwarf or small shrubs)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Several anthropogenic habitats, esp. close to agricultural areas and abandoned fields

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Roadsides and paths in rural areas, sometimes in field margins

Botanical Description:

Procumbent perennial up to 40 cm, densely puberulent in the upper part. Leaves 3-5 cm, rhombic-ovate, obtuse; margin finely undulate. Inflorescence usually dense, terminal, spicate, becoming interrupted and leafy towards the base. Bracteoles 1/3-1/2 as long as the perianth, ovate, wide at the base, mucronate. Perianth-segments 2 or 3, 1.2-1.5 mm, linear to oblong-spathulate. Fruit 2.5-3 mm, oblong-ovate, inflated-membranous, smooth, with 3 dull green, longitudinal veins, not dehiscing transversely. Seeds much smaller than the fruit

Chromosome number:

2n=32, 34

Distributional range:

Naturalized in S. Europe, casual in the North.

Native region outside Europe:

(South America)

Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe.
(from Flora Europaea pre year 1993):

Introduced in Albania, the Azores, the Balaeric Islands, Bulgaria, Corse, Czeck Republic and Slovakia, France (incl. Monaco and Channel Islands but excluding Corse), Greece, Switzerland, Spain (incl. Andorra but excl. the Balaerics), Hungary, Italy (excl. Sicily and Sardignia), ex-Jugoslavia, Portugal, Romania, Russia and former USSR, Sardinia, Sicily and/or Malta, Turkey (European part)

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[Ab(A) nAE(G) nAg nAl aAu(A) Az nAz(F G J M P S T) nBe(B) nBH nBl Bl(I M N) nBr nBu Ca(C F L T) Cg nCo nCr aCs Ct aCy aDa aFe Ga nGa(F) nGe aGg Gg(A D G) nGr nHe Hs(A) nHs(S) nHu aIJ aIr nIt nJu nLi nLu nMa Md(M P) Mk Mo aNo aPo -Rf(C) nRf(CS) Rf(E) aRf(NW) nRm nSa nSi(M S) nSk nSl Sr nSu Sy aTcs nTn nTu(A E) nUk(K) Uk(U)]

Images (13 images)
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-0.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-1.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-2.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-3.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-4.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-5.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-6.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-7.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-8.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-9.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-10.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-11.
   Amaranthus deflexus   -   Image Code: AMRDF-12.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





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