by Stephen Mifsud
   24 Feb 2021      ()
External Links:

Carpobrotus acinaciformis   (Glaucous Hottenot Fig)

Carpobrotus acinaciformis  (AIZOOACEAE.) 
Images for this profile are taken from the Maltese Islands at or after year 2000.

Page Contents + Links

Nomenclature and Basic Information Images
External Links Support and sales
Submit information Website FORUM
Sponsors & Adverts Copyright notes
Aizooaceae Index Plant Family Index
This profile is brought to you by one of the website's sponsors.
[read more...]
Profile Date Oct-2010 (last update: 12-Jan-2019)
Citation for this page Mifsud, S. (Oct-2010) Carpobrotus acinaciformis retrieved from on 2021-Feb-24

Nomenclature and Basic Information

Species name :

Carpobrotus acinaciformis(L.) L. Bolus
Published in Fl. Pl. South Africa 7: t. 247 (1927)

Synonyms :
(basionym or principal syn.)

Mesembryanthemum acinaciforme L.
Full list of synonyms : [Euro+Med] [PlantList] [IPNI] [POWO] [Catalogue of Life ]

Plant Family :

Aizooaceae Rudolphi (The Fig-Marigold Family)
16 species from the Aizooaceae family are recorded from the Maltese Islands.

English name(s) :

Glaucous Hottenot Fig, Point Sourfig Iceplant

Maltese name(s) :

Xuxet San Ġwann rari, Is-Swaba tal-Madonna rari

Status for Malta :

Species that was introduced in Malta after year 1492, but usually more recently and spreads rapidly to form large invasive populations to the detriment of native flora or ecosystems

Frequency :

Very Common     Common     Frequent     Scarce     Rare     Very rare     Extinct

Growth form :

Raunkiaer lifeform [info]: CHAMEOPHYTE (dwarf or small shrubs)
Germination [info]: Dicotyledon

Legal Protection [link]:

Not Protected by Law (LN200/2011 or LN311/2006)

Red List (1989) :

Not listed in the Red Data Book of the Maltese Islands

Flowering Time :


Colour of Flowers:


Remarks :

This species has been repeatedly confused with the closely related Carpobrotus edulis where the main differences are in the sepals, ovary and receptacle of the flower, but usually, C. edulis has yellow flowers and C. acinaciformis has purple-magenta flowers. This species is closely related to Carpobrotus edulis which apparently, in local literature there is confusion betwen the two. Conclusive identification relies on dissecting the flower and examine the number of locules and the longitudinal shape of receptacle, however if the longest sepals are up to 30mm long, flowers are purple-magenta, leaves scimitar shaped with isosceles triangular cross section, then the specimen is most likely C. acinaciformis . About 95% of the specimens examined, resulted to be C. acinaciformis in Malta, hence the use of C. edulis as the purple-flowering invasive species has to be ammended to C. acinaciformis .

Species Description and Distribution

Habitat in Europe:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Preferred habitat in Malta:

Invasive horticultural escape found in disturbed areas especially close to the touristic areas, coasts and wasteground.

Botanical Description:

Data will be available in the next update of this website.

Chromosome number:


Distributional map in Europe
and the Mediterranean region (2018):

Occurrences in Europe and the Mediterranean region.
(Euro+Med Checklist, 2017) - Country codes

[nAg nAz(J) nBl Bl(I M N) nBr nCa Ca(C) nCo aCr aCy nGa(F) nGr nHs Hs(S) nIt nLi nLu nMa nSa -Si(M) nSi(S) Tu(A E)]

Images (17 images)
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-0.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-1.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-2.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-3.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-4.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-5.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-6.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-7.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-8.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-9.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-10.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-11.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-12.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-13.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-14.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-15.
   Carpobrotus acinaciformis   -   Image Code: CRBAC-16.

Links & Further info

Google Web

Google Images

Yahoo Web

Yahoo Images




Med Checklist

Cat. of Life



The Plant List


Vienna Virt. Hb.





Buy Seeds and Docs
Sales of seeds of wild plants for academic studies, research or personal use. Note that not all species seeds can be exported - depending on Maltese regulations and CITES, and availability depends on season. You are hence kindly requested to first fill and submit a quotation form by which you will get confirmation of the purchase, availability and charges. Currently local orders are not taken.   Online Quotation (Seeds)

  Online Purchase (Seeds)
Buy images found in this large online collection of Maltese flora photographed by the author (Stephen Mifsud). Prices reasonable and rated differently according size and resolution. Buying images for your projects will support this website. When placing an order please take note of the image code specific for every image in the corresponding species webpage (found beneath each individual photo) since this is required when filling the online ordering form. Images are normally sold as a license with the copyright reserved to the author, but sales of copyright of exceptional images can be considered.   Online Purchase (Images)
Kindly consider to support this website by giving a small donation. This will help to cover some expenses needed to maintain the website and its further development without and tedious adverts. Please bear in mind that a large and updated website about the flora of Malta requires lot of time and work.   Online Donation

Submit further info on this species
Use this form to submit more information on this species or report mistakes in this webpage. If information supplied is taken from a book, journal or website, please provide the corresponding reference or website address. Your email address is only for internal communication. Please report only Maltese locations for plants that indicated as rare or very rare (refer to the Nomenclature section). Please do report mistakes, broken links, technical errors, silly typing / grammar errors, misidentifications or taxonomical updates; this will help to improve the website's accuracy. Thanks you! Fill any of the three sections (A/B/C) below and kindly submit the form.     * = required fields.
Plant Species:  *
Your name:   * Your Email:   *
Section A:  Additional Information about this plant species
Own observations: Info from published material (books, journals, website):
Reference of published material:
Section B:   Where have you seen this plant on the Maltese Islands?
Locations in Malta or Gozo where you have seen this plant. Only applies for rare plants.

1:       2:       3:   
4:       5:       6:   
Try to be as concise as possible. Examples: Dingli Cliffs (near chapel), Wied Incita (Zebbug side), Triq il-Kbira (Qormi), Barriera ta' Ghajn Abdul (Xlendi), Fields East of Salib tal-gholja (Siggiewi). GPS co-ordinates are also welcomed!
Section C:  Corrections for mistakes and errors in this plant profile
Section of this page where you found an error (select one)
What is the error/mistake and suggest a correction
AntiSpam Verification: Please answer these simple questions:   30 + 5 =     This website is about
       is supported by:
[ EcoGozo, Ministry for Gozo ] [ Projects in Motion ] [ Sunrise Pet & Garden Centre] [ MycoMalta ]
Webpage is copyright of Stephen Mifsud / - (2002-2018)