| Eriphia verrucosa Forsskål, 1775|
Main synonym = Eriphia spinifrons Rathke, 1837
| Taxonomical Classification: Animalia / Arthropoda / Crustaceae / Decapoda / Eriphiidae |
| Warty Crab, Yellow Shore Crab Granċ isfar|
| Further Information: |
Eriphia verrucosa , is a crab found in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, and Eastern part of the Atlantic Ocean (eg. the azores and Mauritania). During the last 3 decades, it has been observed to decrease rapidly from the Black Sea, to the extent that it is listed in the Ukrainian Red Data Book of endangered species.
E. verrucosa lives among stones and seaweeds and rock gaps in shallow sea water along the coastlines up to a depth of 15 metres. It preys on small bivalves, gastropods, molluscs and hermit crabs. The species is threatened by eutrophication and pollution.
The species can grow up to 9cm by 7 cm shelterd in a thick carapace ranging from a brownish-red to brownish-green colour with conspicuous with yellow spots and armed with \'teeth\' on the sides and between the eyes. The strong and bulky claws have black fingers, and normally, one claw is larger than the other and posses rounded wart-like structures while the smaller claw bears sharper projections, arranged in lines.
The female has a large, oval shaped abdomen whereas the male has a much narrower abdomen
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