| Andrena agilissima (Scopoli, 1770)|
Main synonym = Apis agillisima Scopoli, 1770
| Taxonomical Classification: Animalia / Arthropoda / Insecta / Hymenoptera / Andrenidae |
| Agile mining bee Maltese name not known|
| Further Information: |
This species is present in most of Europe especially around the entire Mediterranean region and are observed visiting flowers from April to June-July. The adults grow up to 13-15mm and possess a shiny black body, with tufts of white velvety hairs on parts of the face (the facial fovea), on either side of thorax, on the last abdominal segment and part (the femora) of the third pair of legs. The wings have a bluish reflections in sunshine
Andrena agilissima feeds only on pollen of a few genera of the the Brassicaceae (cabbage) family (e.g. Brassica rapa, Raphanus raphanistrum, Sinapis alba, S. arvensis, etc.) Ocassionaly, it can be seen on other plant families such as Resedaceae, specifically on Reseda alba in the pics below.
Females of the same generation can share the same nest, dug on sandy soil, on the damp areas or steep walls. Nests have a common entrance, but each individual has its own brood cells with its egg.
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